Blocked Fallopian Tubes – Symptoms and Treatment

Female infertility can be caused by clogged fallopian tubes. Although there are typically no symptoms, there are several risk factors that might raise the likelihood of acquiring the disease. Tubal occlusion is the medical name for a blocked fallopian tube.

The fallopian tubes are muscular tubes with delicate hair-like structures lining them. These “hairs” enable an egg to go from the ovaries to the womb (uterus) in both directions, as well as sperm move up from the womb.

Because most eggs are fertilised in the fallopian tubes, they play a significant role in conception. Scar tissue can obstruct any section of the fallopian tube that has been injured, such as by surgery by IVF doctors in Hyderabad or infection.

Symptoms of Fallopian Tube Blockage

The ovaries and the uterus are connected by fallopian tubes, which play a crucial role in fertility. Other than trouble conceiving, blocked fallopian tubes seldom causes symptoms. Doctors usually classify this as trying to conceive for a year and failing.

Some women may develop symptoms such as pelvic or tummy discomfort as a result of a blocked fallopian tube. This discomfort may occur regularly, such as with their period, or it may be persistent.

Ectopic Pregnancy

A fertilised egg might become caught in a fallopian tube due to a blockage. Ectopic pregnancy is the medical term for this situation.

Ectopic pregnancy is frequently identified via a scan and does not always produce symptoms. Some women, however, may have pregnancy symptoms, including stomach ache on one side of the body or vaginal bleeding. A woman who feels she has an ectopic pregnancy should seek medical help immediately.

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Causes of Blocked Fallopian Tubes

A variety of factors might cause fallopian tubes to become obstructed, including:

  • an infection in the pelvis
  • an appendix that has already ruptured
  • having gonorrhoea or chlamydia as a sexually transmitted illness
  • endometriosis is a disorder in which the uterine lining grows outside the uterus.
  • abdominal surgery history

The swelling and fluid at the end of a fallopian tube are known as hydro-salpinx.

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All of these disorders have the potential to harm the fallopian tubes or this part of the body. These illnesses or procedures, in most cases, result in scar tissue that might clog the tubes.

Fertility implications

A blocked fallopian tube might make it difficult to conceive. The ovaries, uterus, and fallopian tubes make up the female reproductive system.

If any of these three regions have been damaged by a medical ailment, getting pregnant may be more difficult. A fallopian tube connects each of the two ovaries to the uterus. The ovaries store eggs and release them at irregular intervals throughout the month, with one ovary producing an egg each month.

For example, the right ovary may produce an egg for three months in succession, followed by the left ovary producing an egg the following month. Even if one of the fallopian tubes is obstructed, an egg can still be fertilised. This is less probable if both are blocked.

HSG Test

Your doctor can check the internal walls of your uterus and fallopian tubes with a hysterosalpingogram, or HSG test. This simple treatment is used to determine the shape and contour of the endometrial cavity (uterus) or to document endometrial polyps, leiomyomata (fibroids), or scarring. The HSG test procedure will also identify whether the fallopian tubes are patent or not (open).

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A blocked fallopian tube or a tumour in your uterus might make it difficult to conceive. Sperm can’t reach the egg if your fallopian tubes are obstructed. A hysterosalpingogram, or HSG test, utilises x-rays and a special dye to look for scar tissue, polyps, fibroids, and other growths that might be obstructing your tubes or preventing a fertilised egg from correctly implanting in your uterus.

A sonohysterogram is a test that utilises ultrasonography and a specific solution to look for abnormalities inside the uterus. The sonohysterogram, on the other hand, cannot be utilised to detect obstructed fallopian tubes. An HSG treatment is a test that is commonly used as part of an infertility evaluation.

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One of the three most popular tubal ligation procedures is a mini-laparotomy step (also known as a mini-lap). “Having your tubes tied” is a common term for these types of surgical contraception. Laparotomy and laparoscopy are two more methods.

A mini-lap is a less invasive laparotomy. It is performed at the time of or shortly after childbirth and requires a tiny incision. A laparotomy, on the other hand, can be done at any time and necessitates a wider incision because the fallopian tubes are less accessible.

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