Tubectomy or Tubal Litigation: What Couples Must Know

Tubal ligation or tubectomy is a kind of permanent birth control. It’s a surgery in which your fallopian tubes are cut or blocked to obstruct sperm and eggs from meeting. If you don’t want to conceive ever, you can consider visiting the best maternity hospital in Bangalore for a tubectomy.


Tubal ligation with laparoscopic surgery

In this procedure, you’ll receive an intravenous line through which general anaesthesia and other fluids will be administered. A tube may be inserted into your throat to help you breathe during surgery. Your abdomen is inflated with gas. Then the surgeon inserts a laparoscope (a thin, lighted tube) through a tiny incision close to your belly button.

Another tiny incision is made to reach your fallopian tubes. Then they can be banded, clipped or cut and sealed. Finally, the surgeon closes all incisions with some stitches and dressings or tape.

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Tubal ligation with hysteroscopic sterilization

In this procedure, the surgeon inserts an instrument known as a hysteroscope along your vagina and cervix. Then he/she places small devices where your fallopian tubes start. As you recover, scar tissue is formed which prevents sperm from entering.

Whether the procedure takes place under local anaesthesia or general anaesthesia, the surgery takes about 30 minutes only. You’re expected to be able to return home after waiting in the recovery room for a few hours.

About 3 months after this procedure, an imaging test is usually needed to ensure your tubes are successfully blocked.

For any of these procedures, you can visit the best maternity hospital in Bangalore.


After laparoscopic sterilisation, you can usually resume daily activities within 7 days.

Common side effects may include:

  • Abdominal cramping
  • Temporary shoulder pain
  • Bloating from the gas
  • Nausea
  • Dizziness
  • Sore throat from the breathing tube

There’s a low risk of complications but may include poor reaction to anaesthesia, infection, bleeding, injury to the bow, bladder or blood vessels.

You can recover fast from hysteroscopic sterilization too. There won’t be any incisions to heal. You won’t experience nausea or dizziness if you’re administered local anaesthesia. Between 24 hours to 1 week, you’re expected to resume daily activities.

Side effects often include cramping and spotting. There may be complications as follows:

  • If your fallopian tubes or uterus gets injured, the devices may be displaced. Then another surgery may be needed to remove the devices.
  • The devices may not block the tubes fully and you may get pregnant.
  • Rarely, there’s long-lasting pain. For that, the devices should be removed surgically.

If you visit the best maternity hospital in Bangalore for tubectomy, the odds of developing complications from any of the procedures are low.

You can recover properly if you avoid heavy lifting for some weeks. If there are unusual signs like swelling, drainage or a fever, consider seeing the best gynaecologist in Bangalore right away.

If you want a reversal of tubectomy, surgery needs to be performed but successful results can’t be guaranteed. That’s because tubal ligation is a permanent type of contraception for women. The pregnancy rate after the reversal is much low.

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